Fountain
Marcel Duchamp
Fountain
Marcel Duchamp (French-American; Modernism, Dada, Readymade; 1887-1968): Fountain, 1917 (Replica, 1964). Porcelain (original), 23.5 x 18 cm. Tate Modern, London, UK. © This artwork may be protected by copyright. It is posted on the site in accordance with fair use principles.



"Fountain is one of Duchamp's most famous works and is widely seen as an icon of twentieth-century art. The original, which is now lost, consisted of a standard urinal, laid flat on its back rather than upright in its usual position, and signed 'R. Mutt 1917'. The Tate's work is a 1964 replica and is made from glazed earthenware painted to resemble the original porcelain. The signature is reproduced in black paint. Fountain is an example of what Duchamp called a 'readymade', an ordinary manufactured object designated by the artist as a work of art. It epitomises the assault on convention and good taste for which he and the Dada movement are best known." (Sophie Howarth, © Tate)



Read more: http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/duchamp-fountain-t07573/text-summary